Applying the GAM – design phase
The GAM is intended for use by program and monitoring staff working directly on their own plans, proposals and projects; it is not normally applied by someone external to the team. For learning purposes only, the GAM can be applied to an existing project proposal.
1. Read the GAM Project Proposal Summary
If you have an actual plan or proposal of your own, it is much better to use that to answer the questions in the GAM.
2. Start the GAM
Open the GAM tool here. Use the “play and practice” version. BOOKMARK the GAM tool in your browser, so you will also be able to access it offline. Fill in the requested information as best you can.
3. Navigating the GAM
When entering a project for the first time, select “I’m registering a new project and don’t have a reference number.” You will receive a reference number at the end, so you will be able to recall the project information later. Note that you are working on the project Design Phase.
4. Identifying Information
The first 5 screens record basic project information:
- Project Reference Number (or not)
- Project phase: Design; Monitoring (during implementation); Monitoring (end of project) & Contact person
- Project Details (title, number, location)
- Cluster/ Sector
- Targeted gender and age groups
This information can be collated at sectoral and operational levels.
5. GAM Not Applicable?
If you select that gender is “not applicable” to your project, you will be prompted to confirm this. The only projects for which gender is not applicable have,
- no contact with affected people
- no influence on the selection of goods and services
- no influence on how goods and services are delivered
6. Apply the GAM to the project design proposal
Refering to the project proposal summary, complete the multiple-choice questions describing the programming action, gender and age groups, as best you can. Note that most standard proposals don’t contain much information about gender or age.
You must write a brief description and note where the information can be verified (e.g. “project proposal,” “assessment report,” etc.) before you can procede to the next page.
7. Results and Reflection
The Results page appears automatically when all the questions have been answered. It shows the code for each individual indicator (Gender Equality Measure, or “GEM”) as well as the calculated project GAM code.
|4||Addresses GENDER and AGE differences in key programme actions|
|3||Addresses only GENDER differences in key programme actions (but not age)|
|2||Addresses only to AGE differences in key areas (not gender)|
|1||Key programme actions do not consistently address gender or age differences|
|0||Key programme actions are not present|
This page also shows whether the project mainstreams gender equality (“M”) or it is a targeted action (“T”) addressing discrimination and aiming to create greater equality. Think about how the proposal can be improved to ensure the four key GEMs address gender differences at a minimum, and ideally also age.
8. An Action Plan form follows the Results page, to record steps to improve each GEM.
9. GAM Reference Number – Record the reference number so you will be able to change information, and/or enter monitoring results later.
Applying the gam – monitoring phase
10. Read the Scenario Monitoring Report
Open a new GAM form for “play and practice” and enter your reference number. Indicate that you are completing either,
Monitoring phase: During implementation
Monitoring phase: End of project
Complete the GAM based on the information available in the monitoring report.
11.Results and Reflection
Consider, what are the areas (GEMs) where you would want to improve the project? Which ones are most feasible, and which present the most challenges? Why? Discuss with colleagues how you can take gender and age differences into account in each of the 12 programming actions (GEMs) when planning and implementing projects.
12. Action Plan –
Ensure your ideas are captured and taken forward for better proposals and programs.
13. Questions? Check back for the new Webinar schedule (COMING SOON!) to comment, ask questions and learn more about the GAM.
FOR ADDITIONAL INSIGHT:
· Go back and choose different answers, to see how the results change.
- Develop a project proposal based on the accompanying gender- & age-sensitive GAM Assessment Scenario and apply the GAM.
- What are some differences between projects that respond to immediate needs comparted to those that address inequalities and/or discrimination?
- What will be explained in the narrative description of the latter?
- Think of some examples of projects where activities are designed to address inequality or discrimination.
- Can you think of an acceptable project that does NOT address the distinct priorities, roles, participation and benefits for different gender and age groups?
- How will compiling GAM data benefit sectors/clusters? What kinds of analysis will be useful?
- What are the differences between applying the GAM to a project you know vs. a project you don’t?
- Record your questions about the GAM for the webinar discussion following.
For more information, refer to:
- IASC GAM Information Sheet
- Cluster/Sectoral Tip Sheets: Examples & questions for addressing Gender Equality Measures in each cluster/sector
- GAM and GEMs Coding Logic
- GEM coding logic